It is an innovative fund raising process which came into existence in the late 1970’s and has multiplied phenomenally over the years. The crux of the concept on which this process is based is the grouping or pooling of assets with predictable and pre-defined cash flows structure or rights on future expected cash streams and the re-engineering or re-packaging of such cash flows into financial instruments or securities that are then sold to investors. Such cash flows can accrue out of loans, trade receivables, mortgages, royalties etc.
The term “securitization”, itself is derived from the fact that securities are the final mode of financial instruments which are issued to investors to obtain funds.
As any asset with an associated stream of cash flows can be securitized the securities which result from a securitization transaction are termed as Asset Backed Securities and the transaction itself is termed an Asset Backed Securitization (ABS). With more such issuances being based on underlying mortgage based loans, Mortgage Based Securitization (MBS) became widely popular.